NCJAR.LegalHotline.1NCJAR provides one of the most beneficial member services within the Realtor® organization - the NCJAR Legal Hotline. Free legal information is available to NCJAR members on legal issues relating to real estate practices. Get the most out of your membership and take advantage of this FREE member resource.

Questions received enable the association to track issues of concern, develop educational programs, services, legislative responses, and NCJAR publications to address the issues. The goal is to increase professionalism and decrease your professional liability.

NCJAR Legal Hotline is available Monday – Friday, 9:30am-4:00pm, excluding holidays and during NCJAR functions. Your question will be sent to our association counsel, and you will receive a response as soon as possible.

NCJAR Legal Hotline Ask for: Mary Cano, NCJAR CEO
973-425-0110
Monday-Friday 9:30am-4:30pm

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LEGAL HOTLINE ARCHIVE Q&A’s

A Landlord must allow the Tenant to renew the lease unless the Landlord has good cause for an eviction under the Anti-Eviction Act. (this does not apply to two or three-family owner-occupied dwellings, motels, hotels, transients or seasonal tenants). Yearly and month-to-month leases will automatically renew for another term unless a valid “notice to quit” is given by the Landlord or unless the Tenant gives notice to the Landlord that the Tenant will return possession of the premises to the Landlord. If the Tenant or Landlord does not renew the lease and the lease was for a term of more than one month and the tenant holds over (stays after the expiration of the lease), the tenancy will become a month-to-month tenancy, if the landlord continues to accept the rent and there is no other agreement between the landlord and the tenant. The tenancy is still subject to all the terms and conditions of the written lease other than its duration term. (State of NJ Dept. of Community Affairs)

Not if the attorney is representing the Seller. If the attorney represents the buyer, the attorney would have to use a title company for the closing itself unless the attorney was admitted to the Bar in NJ. It should be noted that local custom and practice is unique from state to state so retaining an out of state attorney could create a challenge.

It is a violation of the law (federal law) to put anything in a mailbox that is not stamped and delivered in the ordinary course. The item also should not be taped to the mailbox or lay on top of the mailbox.

An “arms-length transaction” is a typical transaction which is negotiated between he parties in good faith and guided by current market trends and forces. It often comes up in short sales where the mortgage company is accepting less then they are owed and they want the parties to sign an affidavit confirming that it was an “arms-length transaction”.

It is a reasonable request of the Landlord to ask for the full report. The Landlord would not violate any law or policy if he/she refuses to rent to that potential Tenant on that basis.

The Broker would bill the Seller a reduced commission based on the percent reduction, and then the Seller would then pass that reduction over to the Buyer as a concession on the closing statement. The full sales price is recorded, not the reduced price.

Not if he/she represents the Seller. Obviously, a Seller or a Buyer Is free to choose anyone, including a lawyer for advice. But if the lawyer represents the Buyer, he/she would need to retain a title company for the closing (settlement) itself unless he/she was admitted to the Bar in NJ

The highest offer may not always be the best offer. There can be contingencies and other issues. In addition, if the Seller, in good faith, comes to believe that their property might be worth more than previously thought, they should discuss with their listing agent about adjusting the price.

The tenant has the right to stay and renew (with reasonable modifications) unless the Landlord has statutory grounds, ie: non-payment of rent, breaking the terms of the lease by having more occupants then originally agreed upon. Some of these grounds require procedure forms such as “Notice to Quit” to be served on the Tenant to give them adequate notice. Landlord should consult with their personal attorney as to how to proceed.

Assuming the Buyer’s agent wants to benefit the Buyer and not the Seller, the Broker bills the Seller a reduced commission, and then the Seller, in turn, shifts that amount over to the Buyer as a concession on the closing statement.

NCJAR Legal Hotline Disclaimer

We offer these questions and answers from our Board Attorney for general discussion purposes. Our Board Attorney does not represent the members of NCJAR individually or as a whole. Facts and circumstances can vary widely from transaction to transaction, and laws can change on a daily basis so you should consult your company attorney or personal attorney before taking any action. This service is meant to assist you in understanding the issues better so that your discussion with your company or personal attorney can be more focused and productive. Neither the Board, its Members, its Trustees, or its Counsel shall be liable to you for any damages you sustain by relying on these Questions and Answers in your transactions or practice.